An Introductory Guide To Civil Litigation In Ontario

In Ontario, there are 12 crucial steps in a litigation process. A defendant is a person who is accused of committing a crime. The parties who file the claim are involved in a civil action. A lawyer or paralegal represents them. In case of any injury, or according to KLJ law, the Statement of Claim must be filed within two years. Checkout more here about the top ten civil litigation cases of 2021 to gain in-depth knowledge.

Steps Involved in a Litigation Process

The filing of complaints is the first step in a civil action in Ontario.

  • Limitation periods are established.
  • Investigation and research.
  • Summary judgment motions.
  • Preparation for the trial.
  • Trial.

The first step of litigation will be deciding which court will hear and file the case. Litigation counsel is trained in determining the best legal defense to use in response to the other group’s Statement of Claim. The parties must disclose relevant documents and prepare a supplementary Affidavit throughout the litigation.

Both Plaintiff and Defendant must serve Affidavit Documents on the other group within the timeframe specified in the discovery schedule in Simplified Procedure litigation. The parties to a lawsuit must swear to speak truthfully in the presence of an examiner. The examination transcript can be used by one party to refute the other group’s evidence. When the lawyer believes that there is an inappropriate question, the examined party may refuse to answer it.

If more time is needed, the party must obtain the court’s permission and consent from other parties. When a party fails to provide information within the required time frame, the other group will be responsible for bringing action to compel a response.

A party can object to evidence or strike portions of another party’s pleading during a civil litigation proceeding. In any action brought in any Ontario court, parties must participate in mediation within a time span of 180 days of filing an initial Defence Statement.

An unbiased mediator meets with each party to reach an agreement but does not decide between them. During the mediation process, the parties can make offers. If mediation fails to resolve the issues, the parties may jointly request a settlement conference, and the court may order the conference if mediation fails to resolve the issues. Trials are then held between both parties, and the judge makes decisions that are binding on both.

Trial Proceedings- How it Works?

Pre-trial proceedings must be attended by both parties 120 days before the trial. All parties require a preliminary hearing, at which the judge will inform them of how they will rule the case. A judge can compel a party to settle but not relinquish their rights.

Both parties should think about the financial implications of settlement offers and understand how costs are distributed. A party in a case may request a summary trial under the Simplified Procedure rules. Only oral arguments and affidavits are allowed during the summary trial.

The Bottom-line
The process is like that of criminal actions in civil actions, but it is simplified. In Ontario, it is governed by common law precedents and statutory provisions. Civil law is based on precedents set by higher courts, while indigenous law is based on precedents set by higher courts.


A Guide To First Time Home Buying Process In Canada

Residential real estate comes with many restrictions when it comes to first time home buying in Canada. An experienced residential real estate lawyer can be of help here. Clients come first at KLJ Law, and attorneys at KLJ Law can help you determine whether all your property taxes have been paid, the title is valid, the closing land transfer tax has been calculated, and any liens against your property. A lawyer can also help you examine legal documents, such as the Agreement of Purchase and Sale when buying a house.

Down payments and other additional expenses

The “down payment” is the amount you put down to purchase a home. Your mortgage terms will be more favorable if you have a larger down payment. The typical down payment for a home in Ontario is between 5-20% of the purchase price. You can avoid the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation mortgage default coverage by paying a 20% or greater down payment. The additional expenses incurred to close a real property transaction could be as high as 4 percent of the purchase price of your home.

Getting your finances in order before buying a house

Many factors decide what type of mortgage you can qualify for and how much you can afford. You should be careful about your credit score when you put down money for a down payment. Additional documentation is required to be eligible for a mortgage. This includes a government-issued photo identity card, proof that you are employed and earning income, as well as proof of assets and debts.

Pre-approval for a Mortgage

A mortgage calculator can help you determine how much money you have available to pay for a home. Although a pre-approved mortgage is not necessary, it is strongly recommended as it will give you a budget to work from. You can also shop around to find the best mortgage terms from other banks. There are many mortgage types, including fixed and variable rates, open and closed mortgages and home equity credit lines.

Rebates for first-time home buyers

You may also be eligible for the first-time home buyer refund, if you are buying your first property. The rebates can only be claimed if the following criteria are met.

  • You must be at minimum 18 years of age
  • You must move into the property within nine months of closing.
  • You are not allowed to own residential property in Canada or anywhere else on the planet.
  • You must be either a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident.

When purchasing your first home, you can take advantage of many Canadian first-time homebuyer benefits. These are just a few examples.

  • Land transfer tax rebate
  • RRSP Home Buyer’s Plan
  • GST/HST New Housing Rebate
  • CMHC mortgage default insurancehelps you navi
  • Land transfer tax rebate
  • First-Time Home Buyers’ Tax Credit

Do you want to buy a Canadian home? Call xxx to make an appointment and have your papers and documents reviewed. Also, find out more helps you navigate the real estate buying process.


What are digital dental x-rays?

Digital dental x-rays are the latest eco-friendly practice incorporated by several top dentists. Marks Dentistry utilizes digital dental x-rays for various treatment requirements. It assists the environment and serves as a better diagnostic instrument for showcasing the bones, mouth, and teeth’s health. You can find out more about the benefits of digital radiography by browsing for related articles. Another best part of digital dental x-rays is it offers enhanced dental images and also reduces the radiation level you come in touch with. With digital x-rays, you can collect the reports quickly and easily. It comes with complete information, thus you can prevent severe conditions from advancing or developing.

Accuracy with enhanced image quality: With the advanced technology, the x-ray of the mouth is performed utilizing a tiny sensor. It records teeth’s image and shares to the computer. Later, the computer displays an excellent and clear picture of the mouth. The image can be colorized, sharpened, enlarged, enhanced, or showcases as a negative. Thus, it helps to diagnose dental conditions effectively and find out the treatment that is required. The software helps in managing the x-rays but it does not change the data. These features are impossible with traditional film x-rays.

Progress tracking and digital storage capabilities: Digital x-rays comes with an extra benefit like easy archiving. The patient’s file can be viewed at any time. X-rays mostly consist of images in which you can see the changes and progress during the treatment. Digital x-ray is a powerful technology where you can view changes associated with root canals, fillings, restoration work, bone growth or loss, and tooth movement. It plays an important part in the treatment procedure. It assists in validating what the dentist is performing for you.

Quick treatment time: With digital images, you can take several images at once. Another best feature is the image can be captured quickly and it can be viewed instantly. It means the patient does not have to wait for a long time. Digital x-rays are known for accuracy. You can plan for the dental treatment efficiently as you instantly see what is happening and what is required to be done.

Less impact on the environment: It has been estimated that dental practices produce toxic x-ray filters of about 28 million liters. The traditional x-rays consist of chemicals like Boric Anhydride and Ammonium Thiocyanate. These chemicals are respiratory tract, eye, and skin irritants. They are extremely dangerous when ingested or exhaled. Certain studies show they are dangerous to the blood, liver, kidneys, and thyroid. Repetitive or prolonged exposure can organ damage. By completely avoiding the usage of severe materials or chemicals connected with traditional radiography assists our environment to be a healthier and safe place.

Though traditional x-rays cause several health and environmental threats, at present, only 25% of the dental clinics have moved to digital imaging. So, next time, when you visit your dentist’s office, check the type of x-ray the dentist use for treatment. Top dental offices ensure to use the latest devices and tools for diagnosis and offer the best treatment for the patients. When you visit the top dentistry, surely, you can enjoy the benefits of digital x-rays.